It wouldn’t be wrong if we assume our mobility is strongly based on our lower limbs. Knee also provides better stability and strength to our skeletal structure. It is formed where the femur (thigh bone) meets the tibia (leg bone) and the patella (knee cap).
The bones are encased in a fibrous sheath called the capsule. The ends of the femur and tibia and the under surface of the patella are covered with a smooth glistening white tissue called the articular cartilage which provides a low friction surface for movement.
Types of Injuries:
- Total Knee Replacement: A Total Knee Replacement (also called knee arthroplasty) might be more accurately termed a knee "resurfacing" because only the surface of the bones are actually replaced. There are several reasons why we may recommend knee replacement surgery. People who benefit from total knee replacement often have severe knee pain or stiffness that limits your everyday activities like walking, climbing stairs, getting in and out of a chair, chronic knee inflammation, knee deformity, etc. Brahm Chaitanya Super Speciality Hospital with the help of latest technology and years of experience has shown remarkable results and better life for patient post surgery.
- Knee dislocation: A knee dislocation can be either partial or complete dislocation. This situation occurs when parts of knee are out of their actual place. For example, the femur and tibia can be forced out of alignment, and the patella can also slip out of place. Dislocations can be caused by an abnormality in the structure of a person's knee.
- Knee Osteoarthritis: It is caused by deteriorating of knee cartilage with wear and tear or because of trauma to the joint, ultimately leaving only bare bone. It is the most common type of knee arthritis and is also called degenerative joint disease or wear-and-tear arthritis. Osteoarthritis worsens with time, hence patient needs to visit the doctor at an early stage.
- Ligament Tear: The knee has 2 collateral (parallel) ligaments LCL & MCL and 2 cruciate (crossing) ligaments ACL & PCL. The MCL, the most commonly injured collateral ligaments, is often a result of a blow to the outer side of the knee. An ACL injury, the most common cruciate ligament injury, occurs when the knee is locked.
- Meniscal tear: Sudden meniscal tears often happen during sports. Tears in the meniscus can occur when twisting, cutting, pivoting, or being tackled. Meniscal tears may also occur as a result of arthritis or aging. Just an awkward twist when getting up from a chair may be enough to cause a tear, if the menisci have weakened with age