The most important joint in the upper body is termed as a Shoulder Joint. Considering its size, it is a bigger joint and allows the hands to move appropriately. This is one of the complex joints of the body. Shoulder joint is unlike ball and socket type joint.
The muscles in the shoulder bridge the transitions from the torso into the head/neck area and into the upper extremities of the arms. Looking at the anatomy, one would understand how muscles play an important role in the shoulder joint. The muscular structure of shoulder includes a range from bigger prime mover muscles to small and fine stabilizer muscles supported by fixator muscles.
Types of Injuries:
- Shoulder dislocation: The shoulder joints are the most commonly dislocated joints in the body. Approximately 25% of shoulder dislocations have associated fractures. These days Shoulder Dislocation can be treated in lesser time frame and with less pain. However, the solution depends on how early the patient visits the doctor.
- Shoulder Osteoarthritis: Arthritis not only damages your muscles and tendons but also your joints and ligaments. Arthritis generally causes symptoms such as joint pain and limited range of motion. This can be repaired using latest arthroscopy with minimal scar & less pain, if the patient approaches at an early stage.
- Rotator Cuff Tear: Rotator cuff injuries are a common cause of shoulder pain in people of all age groups. They represent a spectrum of disease, ranging from acute reversible tendinitis to massive tears. Diagnosis is usually made through detailed history, physical examination, and often, imaging studies.
- Frozen Shoulder: The term "frozen shoulder" is often used incorrectly for arthritis, even though the two conditions are unrelated. Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis) is stiffness, pain, and limited range of movement in your shoulder. It may happen after an injury or overuse or from a disease such as diabetes or a stroke.